The date of this newspaper article is Tuesday  May 31, 1870 and was printed in the New York Evening News, page 1 vol 83.

A few years ago Mason and Dixon line was a familiar politico-geographical phrase which is now almost forgotten.  The Louisville Courier Journal  says it may be well for us to remember that this boundary was so named from the names of Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon, the gentlemen  surveyors appointed to run  unfinished boundary lines  in 1761  between Pennsylvania and Maryland on the territories subject to the heirs of Penn and lord Baltimore.  A temporary line had been run in 1789 but had not given satisfaction to the disputing parties although it resulted from an agreement in 1739 between themselves.

A decree had been made in 1618 by King James setting the boundaries between lands given by charter to the first Lord Baltimore, and those others adjudged to his Majesty , afterwards to William Penn,  which divided the tract between the Delaware Bay and the Eastern Sea on one side and the Chesapeake on the other, by a line equally intersecting it, to be drawn from Cape Henlopen to the 4th degree of north latitude .

A decree in Chancery rendered the Kings decree imperative. The situation of Henlopen became a long subject of serious, protracted and expensive litigation , particularly after the death of  William Penn in 1713 and lord Baltimore in 1714. It was not until John and Richard and Thomas Penn , now sole  proprietors of the American possessions of their father, and, Cecillus Lord Baltimore, grandson of Charles and great grandson of Cecillus , the original patentee, entered into an agreement on the 10th of May 1772.  To this agreement a chart was appended ,  which ascertained the site of Cape  Henlopen and delineated a division by an east and west line running westward from that Cape to the exact middle of the peninsula. The Lord Baltimore became dissatisfied with this agreement and endeavored to invalidate it.   Chancery suits, Decrees and proprietary arguments followed, which eventually produced the appointment of  commissioners  to run the temporary line. This was effected in 1739. But by the case in Chancery being decided in 1730, new commissioners were appointed , who could not sgree, snd the question remained open until 1761, when the line was tun by Mason and Dixon.              . But by the case in



Marshall Earl Reid, 25 year old Philadelphia aviator, who has made a number of successful flights at League Island last week, intendeds to make several ascensions in his aeroplane from the Navy Yard tomorrow afternoon.  He will take as passengers his sisters Grace Reid of 210 south Forty Fifth Street and Mrs, H. H. Mustin and her husband , Lieutenant Commander Mustin, will be his third passenger. Reid does not know yet what flight course he will takes tomorrow but believes that he will take them across the Delaware river to the New Jersey Shore, then back up the Delaware River to  Market Street, west over that street to city Hall and fly around the statue of William Penn before returning to the Navy Yard.

A group of  Baltimore men in August of 1899 organized for the purpose of the erection of a club house at Rehoboth Beach and in February of 1900  purchased two lots at Surf and Pennsylvania Avenues from the Rehoboth Commissioners at a nominal price and also obtained a Certificate of Incorporation from the State of Delaware for The Rehoboth Club. On August 24, 1900,  the Rehoboth Club, composed of  more that seventy representative citizens of Delaware and Maryland, formally opened its handsome clubhouse with a reception and dance that evening which was largely attended

Designed by Mr. H. D. Crisp, a Baltimore architect, the clubhouse is one of the finest buildings on the beach, and was constructed by another Baltimore construction company, owned by William A. Marshall,  assisted by the Samuel W. Billingaley Company of Delaware.. The style of architecture is a combination of Colonial and Modern, with all the comforts of home,  for it’s members and their guest .  Mr. Frederick P. Stieff, a Baltimore jewelry merchant,  as a member of Rehoboth Club and Chairman of  The Building Committee, gave a great deal of personal supervision to the construction. The object of the club was to provide a meeting place and center for those who desire to visit Rehoboth in winter for hunting and in summer for other pleasures. ‘

At a cost of  $15,000, located on Surf Avenue, with a 150 foot ocean front and 150 foot along Pennsylvania Avenue,  the modern equipped club house, covering the entire lot, was arranged with dinning rooms, modern kitchen, parlors, reception room, ball room, eleven private chambers, baths,  bowling alley and shuffleboard. The clubhouse was furnished by Henry W. Jenkins, & Sons, of  Baltimore

Club officers were James W. Hooper of Baltimore, president,  Fredrick Stieff, of Baltimore, vice president, secretary and treasurer, John F. Sipple, cashier of the Third National Bank of Baltimore.  Board Directors were Thomas C. Ruddell, Baltimore, John D. Marvill, Laurel, Delaware,  William H. Bosley,  Baltimore,  William A. Marshall, Baltimore,  J. Frank Morrison, Baltimore, T. J. Pyle, Georgetown, Delaware.

On Tuesday, July 4th, 1903, 1 pm,  the valuable and desirable property, known as the Rehoboth Club,  was for sale at Public Auction by Patterson & Gahan, Baltimore auctioneers.

Source: The Baltimore Sun newspaper articles, 1900-1903.

Wilmington, Delaware, March 9, 1811:

The Delaware Militia consist of a General Field Staff of 1 major general, 3 brigadier generals, 1 quartermaster general, 1 adjutant general, 5 aids de camp and 2 brigade majors, the Field Officers and Regimental Staff has 10 Lt. Colonels, 19 majors, 9 adjutants, 3 quartedmasters, 8 paymasters, 8 surgeon’s mates, 6 serjeant majors, 10 drum majors and 10 fife majors.  Making up the Artillrists are 2 captains, 2 first lieutenants, 2 second lieutenants, 7 serjeants, 8 corporals, 4 musicians, 8 gunners, 67 matrosse. The Cavalry  is made up of 4 captains, 3 lieutenants, 4 cornets, 12 serjeants, 3 musicians, 37 saddlers, 2 farriers and 77 dragoons. Of the Grenadiers, there are2 captains, 2 lieutenants, 2 ensign, 3 serjeants, 4 corporals, 4 musicians and 87 privates.. There is a Light Infantry with 16 captains, 16 lieutenants, 16 ensigns, 64 serjeants, 60 corporals, 12 musicians and 586 privates, rifleman, 1 captain, 1 lieutenants, 1 ensign, 4 serjeants, 4 corporals, 2 musicians, with 28 privates.  The Infantry consist of 73 captains, 73 lieutenants, 71 ensigns, 250 serjeants, 282 corporals, 82 misicians and 6189 privates for a total rank and file of 8346. Ordnance holds 2 iron 12 pounders, 2 9 poinders, 1 six pounder, 8 4 pounders, 3 three pounders, all o;d and out of use. There are 59 sabers, 59 pistols, 154 fuses in bad order, 840 muskets with bayonets, 277 cartridge box and twent Stand At Colors.
Certified by Adjutant General of Delaware, JESSE GREEN

Taken from the New York Herald, issue , May 28, 1880

The strange craft that startled framers along the Delaware River, A floating family, exempt from Rent, Taxes and other cares.

The farmers living along the Delaware were surprised some days ago at the appearance of a exceedingly strange craft making her way  slowly down the river.  A close  inspection of the  craft reminded one of  Noah’s Ark of time past.  The presence of the red, white and blue  national ensign on her flag staff demonstrated that she was not an alien vessel bent of a tour of destruction of the placid Delaware.

There was a smoke stack for sure, but it did not give puff’s like from an engine, but a whisp that curled lazily. There was no ;rush; to the water that would indicate a propeller . The deck house had several windows and you could see figures flitter by now and then, showing people on the banks there were passengers aboard .  Two men,  or boys, stood at each end, manipulating a large sweep,  which steered the vessel.

Slowly she moved along,  until evening when the lights on shore began to show,  then she changed direction and soon was made fast with chains to the shore.  The lazy smoke from the smoke stack increased with an odor of savory cooking.

Next morning Pinafore was still fast  ashore and a curious hand passed down the gangplank to the deck  where everything was clean and in order. A knock on the door brought out Peter Buckley, formerly of Port Jarvis, where he was a cabinetmaker, paid taxes, rent, and  other living expense.  His day by day thinking of a home on the water, no rent, no tax, whatever, led to the family  decision  and the keel of the Pinafore was laid a Matamouris. Peter and his brother, both cabinetmakers and ship carpenters at Newburg, , designed and worked energetically until the Pinafore was finished and successfully launched.  She was an  extremely unique specimen of marine architecture, much like a Mississippi flatboat with much more graceful lines. After Buckley as satisfied that she was set on an even keel, he finished the deck house interior and the family moved in. Mrs. Buckley was proud that she now could have enough water for a proper wash day.  There they lived the winter out and in the spring as his trade slackened , the floating home idea was put to practice.

So the lines were drawn, a full head of steam on the family kettle, she started on her voyage down the Delaware with the current  to move her, which cost nothing. The Pinafore was 40 feet long, 18 foot broad and draws only seven inches of water. The deck house is clapboard and shnigled like an ordinary house on shore, four rooms, a door at each end,  and the hull forms sort of a cellar where edibles are kept cool.  The rooms are carpeted and bright woodwork  makes her cheerful.  A rustic rail runs the lengyh of each side of the deck, serving as a barrier between passengers and the water. DShe is painted out in red, white and blue.

Buckley is now making rustic chairs and stops at towns and villages  on either side of the river, staying as long as the work holds out.  He said he is heading for Philadelphia which may take ten years.. He also knows there are dangerous places to cross and could prevent her to complete the voyage. Tallyho!

From the July 10 1900 Baltimore Sun by way of Easton Maryland:

Captain Samuel B. Melson of Oxford spends several weeks every summer exploring one of the Maryland water courses debouching  into the Chesapeake Bay, alone, in his large canoe.  This year he went up the Nanticoke, the river that divides  Dorchester from Wicomico. He went from Galestown on the Dorchester side to Sharptown on the Wicomico side. where the north and northwest forks off the Nanticoke. These drain all of Sussex county  and parts of Kent county. before they unite to form the main stream.

Melson’s log is interesting. After leaving out of the Choptank from Oxford,  passing through Hill’s Point and Jame’s Point,  he coast down Taylor’s and Hooper’s Islands, through Hoopers Straits, between Bishops Head and Bloodsworth Islands, past Clay Island Lighthouse and enters the Nanticoke between Frog Point and Nanticoke Point. Other curious names of Point’s along the river are; Roaring, Mulberry, Gravelly, Ragged, Penknife, Chanter, Point-No-Point; then there are the creeks; Cow, Langralls, Wetipqie, Whappermander, Jacks, Quantico, Rewastico, Barren, Grimes and Chicone.

Seaford, Delaware is considered the head of navigation on the  North Fork, and Federalsburg, Caroline county, on the Northwest Fork.

Sharptown is one of the most prosperous places on the Eastern Shore. There,  is the J. M. Robinson Basket and Crate works which employes 300 hands  and there are two marine railways which are full at work. The Lauerhoff yard is building a $28,000, three deck, four mast schooner.

Next Melson tells a bit of the Wicomico which he said is a crooked, swift current river, has salt water and fine oyster bottoms up to fifteen mile up river, above roaring Point, and oystermen are seeding  thousands of bushels every season. These seed shells come from Oxford, St. Michaels and Cambridge which make in about four years.

Yes, May 2012 is almost over,  only Memorial Day week end, and three more days to go. The 30th,  what some veterans still honor as Memorial Day,  is included in those three days.  Keep your flags out.  Sunday, the 6th,  I was 82 years of age. Nothing to it, feel the same as always.  Daughter, Deny,  and her friend, Kevin Fleming, the photographer of note,  had lunch for mom and myself at  Fin’s on Rehoboth Avenue , next to Fleming’s retail shop. Everything was enjoyed by all and I received  gifts of interest,  “The Entailed Hat”,  “Landmarks and Legacies of Historic Delaware” and “Our Delaware”, all books which are very much appreciated. Later that week, Tuesday, the wife and I, drove to Dover Maple Dale Country Club for the Annual Luncheon of the “Friends of the Delaware Archives” . That was a good trip as the lunch buffet was delicious to no end and the program Jack Lewis, the president, conducted was much enjoyed by all. Steve Martz, Archives Director,  told of its accomplishments and future plans.  A program by Tom Welch, interpreter at the Old State House in Dover, demonstrated in colonial garb,  of the life and Revolutionary War service of Duck Creek’s Colonel Allen McLane was most  interesting and enjoyed.   That following Thursday an unheard of practice  of today occurred.  A visiting doctor, a young Asians girl, made a house call to examine me  for an annual checkup. She took my blood pressure, pause, temperature, etc.,  discussed my medications, and told me my health was fine. She did recommend that I make a visit to an eye doctor, just for   the hell of it.  This doctor was a part of the Bravo Health System that is available with Medicare’s programs.  Mothers Day I surprised mom with a bunch of Food Lion flowers which she improved with some of her snap dragons and some kind of a purple flower.  Saturday, the 19th I visited Maritime Day held at the Lewes Cape May Ferry Terminal. There were exhibits from the Navel Academy, the Merchant Marine Academy, the Coast Guard Academy,  Fort Miles Historic Association, Over Falls Light Ship, Lewes Historic Society and Kevin Fleming had a display of his photographs there.  That evening mom and I attended the ” Kick Off Summer” reception at the Rehoboth Historic Society.  The late Saturday afternoon, route one,   traffic was ‘bad’.  The third Sunday was VFW meeting in Milton.  I like to attend this VFW and the Lewes American Legion.  There are not many of us older veterans able to make the meetings anymore.  The last part of this week I have been busy with grave yard flags on veterans graves in the Lewes area. Whites Chapel  at Overbrook, All Saints on Beaver Dam road,  Ebenezer on Oak Grove Road are covered, Warren Walls did Bethel in Lewes and Joe Hudson did the cemetery at Coolspring Episcopal Church, since, as he said, he has ancestors in there.  I also went to Conleys Chapel, but there were flags all over it. Someone beat me to it. Monday there are services at the Odd Fellows Cemetery in Milton, with lunch at the VFW Home  afterwards and Wednesday the 30, service by Rehoboth VFW at the Boardwalk.  Try to make one or both.  Good by, May 2012.